Ever walked into a building and got stumped looking at their beautiful ceiling? Or mesmerized by amazing acoustics of an auditorium? Well, that’s the magic of False Ceiling design. In this article we have covered everything you need to know about false ceilings.
First used in Japan and then in England as early as the 1500s, False Ceilings are now the go-to thing for modern construction and architecture. It also known as drop ceiling, T-bar ceiling, grid ceiling, drop-out ceiling, drop-in ceiling, suspended ceiling, or ceiling tiles. It is a secondary ceiling hanging below the main structural ceiling.
Designers placed false ceiling a minimum length of 8inch from the original ceiling. You can adopt this in any residential or commercial structure.
Purpose of False Ceiling:
There are various reasons for the increasing popularity of false ceiling, such as:
It can be used to jazz up a bland ceiling or to conceal ugly piping or wirings. It supports amazing features such as recessed lights, classy chandeliers or just to add an elegant statement for room display.
The latest false ceiling designs can not only provide a soundproof space but also absorbs excess sound to provide a good sound environment. It can be used in workspaces, theatres, auditoriums, and so on.
As per science, the air gap between the ceiling traps heat preventing it to flow into the room. The false ceiling is a great method for better optimization of air conditioning, thus helping to save electricity bills.
Engineers can modify the false ceiling as per requirement to make it corrosion-resistant, prevent water leakage, and also fire-protected as it creates compartments.
Types of False Ceiling based on material used:
False ceilings are a must wherever exquisite interiors are concerned. They are efficient when righ materials used. Choosing right material depends on various factors such as room size, utility, budget, taste and so on. Broadly there are two types of false ceilings based on utility namely-
1. Concealed Grid False Ceiling:
Grids or frameworks hidden to give a clean smooth finish. Commonly used materials for this type of false ceiling are listed below:
Gypsum is a soft and lightweight hydrated sulfate of calcium. Manufactured mixing gypsum and water along with additives sandwiched between papers. These square boards are then supported by an iron framework from the main ceiling. Paints or wallpapers a classy and good finish to the gypsum ceiling.
- Easy to install
- Highly durable
- Fire resistance
- Sound insulator
- Easy to innovate
Plaster of Paris (POP):
When you increase the heat of gypsum to a certain degree, it converts into a powdered form also known as Plaster of Paris. When mixed with water, POP hardens thus making it a versatile material for false ceiling. Widely used in both commercial and residential places. It can be used for either creating smooth surfaces or make any particular design. POP ceiling bedroom designs are very popular these days.
- Light and durable
- Low thermal conductivity
- Highly fire resistant
- Easy to apply
- Gives a smooth and shiny finish.
Although wood is an expensive material, sometime you can use its natural patterns and textures. Mostly wood applied to residential spaces as it requires frequent maintenance.
- Can give out various finishes
- Treatable to enhance the lifespan
- High strength
2. Exposed Grid False Ceiling:
Here grids or frameworks are visible and tiles or panels are fixed on the grids. Lets see the common material:
Glass is a non-crystalline but transparent material. As it is very brittle it usage is limited to certain purposes only. It is however treatable to make it non-brittle, give it a frosty or stained look.
- Makes an illusion of a bigger room.
- Moisture resistant and controls the temperature.
- Provides premium appearance.
Galvanized iron and aluminum used as a metal ceiling. Its hard and durable nature makes it an excellent option for a false ceiling. It can be polished to give a shiny surface which immediately tunes up the look of any room.
- Sleek Appearance
- Long durability
- Fire and water-resistant
- Minimal maintenance
- Provides great acoustics.
Fiber/Mineral False Ceiling:
Fiberboards produce from wood chips and reed paper while mineral boards produce from ceramic and mixture of natural stone and tar. These are mostly used for commercial purposes as these aren’t aesthetically pleasing.
Synthetic Leather or Cloth False Ceiling:
Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC is a plastic material that is mostly used in toilets, garages, or moisture-prone areas. They are cheap and easy to install. Not only are they lightweight but also resistant to house pests.
- Long term durability
- Lighter in weight
- Very easy to handle
- Doesn’t crack under stress
Price of False Ceiling:
Gypsum Ceiling Price:
Gypsum ceilings are supported by 12 no. Galvanized channel or Gypsum channel or Aluminium pipe and generally comes in the range of Rs 50 to Rs 150/ square feet. The 3D Gypsum ceiling can cost up to Rs. 350/ square feet.
POP Ceiling Price:
They are usually available in the range of Rs. 50 to 150/ square feet
Wooden Ceiling Price:
|Thickness||Min Price||Max Price|
|10 mm||Rs 110/Square Feet||Rs 1000/Square Feet|
|12 mm||Rs 450/Square Feet||Rs 900/Square Feet|
|16 mm||Rs 200/Square Feet||Rs 250/Square Feet|
|8 mm||Rs 180/Square Feet||Rs 180/Square Feet|
Glass Ceiling Price:
Fiber Ceiling Price:
This available in the range of Rs.65 to Rs 450/ square feet.
Cloth and Leather Ceiling Price:
Tensile fabric price falls in the range of Rs. 900-1200 per square feet.
Furthermore, the price of all types of false ceilings can increase with the add-ons that you choose such as grids, designs, etc.
Installation of a False Ceiling:
Step – 1: Dimensions:
Access the dimension for the room ceiling and all required parameters (length and width) should be noted down in a notebook.
Step – 2 : Leveling:
You need to mark at least 4-8 inches (Clearance space) of space from the top on the wall. Using 4ft level, you need to draw a straight line to join all the points. We know this as Leveling.
Step – 3 : Marking:
You need to mark on the ceiling at a distance of 4 ft each. Also, you need to do it where the suspension of the ceiling locates.
Draw the straight line on the top of the wall angle.
You need to draw a line up at the top of the angle with a straight line. With screws and an electric screwdriver, the wall angle should be secured in place. It is important to make sure it is level as the installation takes place.
Step – 4 :Framing:
Step – 5: Wiring:
Before installation of the ceiling, all-electric wirings such as lights, fans, and so on should be completed.
Step – 6: Skimming:
Step – 7:Finishing:
All-electric materials fitted and the ceiling painted as per requirement or it won’t look good.
False Ceiling Caution:
Although it takes innovation and creativity to install a false ceiling at any space, it does need to overcome a few challenges and fulfil basic requirement installation. Few conditions listed below:
- The room has to be at least 11 feet or more.
- Check the climatic condition before installation.
- Choose material according to the requirement
- Avoid Leakage
- The presence of irregular beam bottom may not be suitable for installation.
- The load-bearing limit of both the main ceiling and false ceiling should be taken into consideration.
Advantages of False Ceiling:
False Ceiling is not only about aesthetics without a doubt can be advantageous too:
- Easy to install and cost-effective.
- Provides a smooth and homogenous surface.
- Conceals unpleasant elements giving a clean look to the room.
- Provides sound and thermal insulation.
- Easy to repair or replace.
- Hides ducts of air conditioning, electric cables, and pipelines.
- Fire and corrosion-resistant.
- Lights can be added for a creative look.
Disadvantages of a False Ceiling:
Every Coin has two face, there are few disadvantage of false ceiling:
- Reduces headroom by several inches or feet.
- Requires timely maintenance as it is prone to sagging and discoloration over the years.
- It can’t bear load or pressure hence can succumb to natural calamities such as earthquakes.
- House pests may breed in the space between the ceilings damaging the material.
It comes in fix sizes of panels that accommodate lighting system along with it. Acoustic tiles are the best example of this. Modular ceiling provides flexibility in terms of changing lights, service ducts, and pipes that run below the primary ceiling without damaging the false ceiling.
Top companies/ brands offering False Ceiling :
Armstrong World Industries:
Armstrong world industry (AWI) manufactures residential and commercial false ceilings. They offer an interior solution that enhances comfort, save time, improve efficiency, and create beautiful spaces. The headquarter is located at Gurgaon India.
Dexune is supplier of false ceiling systems and acoustic systems in India. They offer premium quality of Metal Ceiling, Mineral fiber ceiling, Wood-wool ceiling, PVC laminated Gypsum ceiling, Soft fiber ceiling, Acoustic Clouds, Fabric Acoustic panel, and so on. Their head office is based in Noida, India.
Durlum India Pvt. Ltd.:
Durlum is a manufacturer of Metal ceilings, open-cell ceilings, expanded metal ceilings, Raft ceiling, Chilled and Heated ceilings, Illuminated ceilings, luminaries, and lighting systems. Their products are an integral, functional, and enduring component of modern design and emotional architecture. The head office is located in Gurgaon, Delhi.
Hunter Douglas manufactures ceiling systems for the utility sector in a wide range of metal, aluminium, textile and wood. They offer premium quality of textile, interior metal, interior wood, exterior metal and exterior wood. Their office is located in Varadaiah Palem, Mumbai.
False Ceiling has carved itself a niche in modern architecture scenario. Owing to its versatility, it is quite popular amongst home décor enthusiasts. Just with a little bit of imagination and innovation, one can create endless inspiring ceiling designs for master bedroom, modern office etc. False ceilings are a prerequisite as far as luxury interiors are concerned.
Hunter Douglas believes in customisation as an opportunity to create high-level of product and service differentiation: Mr.Anil Kumar Singh
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