Street Lighting: How to ensure long lasting brightness at low costs? (Visual guide)

Street lighting

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Street is an important infrastructural form. Without proper outdoor lights, traveling at night becomes a great challenge. It involves street & solar outdoor poles and much more.

The purpose of outdoor lights is to make it safer and more convenient for people to in the dark.

It is not an unknown fact that many major accidents occur at night on roads that do not have proper lighting.

Therefore, it won’t be wrong to say that the objective of outdoor lights goes deeper than just illumination. But the job doesn’t end at installing outdoor lights.

Their positioning, lighting, efficiency, and many other factors must also be taken into account carefully.

 

 

Importance of street

For a long time, outdoor lights remained a luxury for just the big cities. However, people observed their benefits and gradually it became a necessity.

These lights are important for the following reasons:

  1. Safety: It becomes easier for drivers to see pedestrians, animals, and other obstructions such as manholes and pits when there is proper illumination. So, the chances of accidents are reduced.
  2. Personal security: Mishaps and crimes tend to reduce on roads with effective lights.
  3. Smooth traffic flow: Lights clear the visibility of the road; thus, allowing smooth traffic.
  4. Glare reduction: A common issue with drivers is that they do not turn off their high-beam vehicle headlights. This makes it extremely difficult for the other drivers coming from the opposite side to have a clear vision of the road. The lights can help reduce the headlight glare greatly.
  5. Street aesthetics: The pole comes in a wide range of antique and modern options. You can choose from this endless array of pole designs to beautify your lanes.

 

Types of street

Outdoor lights are essential infrastructural lights. They come in a wide range of options. Some of the types of lights are:

 

High-Pressure Sodium Street

 

 

Street bulb
HPS lights

Image Source: Tachyon

 

The HPS lights remain a common type of light. They mix different gases to produce white light. Moreover, they also produce yellow-orange light.

 

Limitations

  1. They take a few moments to turn on.
  2. The HPS lights produce reddish colour at the end of their life.
  3. You need a transformer to regulate the current and change the voltage.

 

Induction Street

 

induction bulb
Induction street lights

Image Source: Suppliers Tree

 

The induction outdoor lights have a long lifespan and energy efficiency. They are better alternatives to incandescent lights.

 

Limitations

  1. Has a very large size.
  2. Ineffective control
  3. Cannot be used in areas with low heights

 

CFL Street Lighting (Compact Fluorescent Lamps)

 

CFL lights
CFL Lights

Image Source: Industricals

 

The CFL outdoor lights mimic the look of the incandescent bulbs but they operate like fluorescent bulbs. CFL lights are good commercial building lights and outdoor lights.

 

Limitations

  1. It requires a ballast for power regulation
  2. The intensity reduces to half of its life cycle

 

Street

 

LED lights
street lights

Image Source: ElectroSchematics

 

street is one of the most efficient solutions. The long lifespan of over 50,000 hours makes street extremely useful.

street produces white and blue lights. It does not need warm-up time. Therefore, this eliminates the limitations of HPS lights.

street does not produce toxic chemicals such as mercury lamps.

Unlike CFL lights, street can be controlled by dimmers.

The heat emission is extremely less. This makes the lights efficient.

The only limitation with street is the expensive upfront cost. However, the low maintenance cost and high-efficiency balance the installation cost quite well.

Read more about LED lights here. 

 

Other benefits of street lighting:

  1. Does not emit poisonous gases.
  2. Less glaring effect.
  3. High output.
  4. Appropriate colour rendering.
  5. Weather sustainability
  6. Less pollution

 

Solar Street

 

solar panels
Solar panels for solar street lights

Image Source: Blogging Junction

 

The solar outdoor integrates with its favourite lights to produce the most sustainable, efficient, and eco-friendly outdoor solution. These solar street solutions reduce the expenses to almost zero. Therefore, they make more efficient lights than LED.

 

Combined benefits of and solar energy in solar lighting:

  1. The solar street free of cost lighting.
  2. Using solar street becomes easier as you can install them anywhere without having to worry about the main power source.
  3. The solar street does not need an outlet to power it. These have solar panels that absorb sunlight and charge the solar batteries that provide ample illumination for 10-12 hours.
  4. All solar street lightings to make eco-friendly solutions. These do not exhaust the natural resources. Moreover, they do not harm the environment.
  5. The best thing about solar outdoor is that it is safe as it does not interact with electrical power sources.

 

Street installation guide

Now that we know all about the types of outdoor lights, let us also understand the correct way of installing them. Simply installing outdoor poles on the street doesn’t do the job.

You need to make sure that the lights follow a set of guidelines.

 

lights design
Perfect

Image Source: ZD Net

 

Dimensions

The outdoor lights must be arranged in such a way that it offers uniform illumination.

 

Height

 

street light project
No dark spots with proper spacing

Image Source: Global Designing Cities Initiative

 

The height of the outdoor pole designs varies according to the width of the street:

1. Standard height of outdoor pole for sidewalks: 4.5-6 meter.

2. Standard height of outdoor pole for narrow streets: 8-10 meter.

3. Standard height of outdoor pole for wider streets: 10-12 meter.

 

Spacing

 

dimensions and distance of bulbs
Appropriate distance between outdoor poles

Image Source: Global Designing Cities Initiative

 

The spacing between two outdoor poles must remain 2.5-3 times the pole’s height.

Measure the height of the pole and the width of the street to determine the spacing of lights for uniform coverage. Poles that are too distant result in dark areas.

 

cone

 

 bulb cones
Ideal cone

Image Source: National Park Service

 

The cone refers to the path of light. It generally has the same diameter as the outdoor pole’s height from the ground.

Therefore, the height of the outdoor pole determines the ideal maximum distance between two outdoor lights to avoid dark spots.

 

source

The source greatly influences the outdoor ’s effectiveness. outdoor lights make the best source for cost-effective and safe lighting.

 

pollution

To avoid pollution, focus the lights directly onto the streets. This reduces glare and pollution.

The shielded and cut-off fixtures use less energy with energy-efficient bulbs.

 

Temperature

The colour temperature across the outdoor light design project must remain consistent. For pedestrian paths, 3000 Kelvin makes the ideal temperature and for vehicular paths, it is 5000 Kelvin.

 

Smart street system

 

smart led and solar lights
Intelligent Outdoor Lights

Image Source: Manufacturer

 

Need

The current form of outdoor systems particularly solar outdoor systems is an excellent infrastructural solution. However, it lacks the inbuilt mechanism to address various maintenance and repair issues on a real-time basis. A lot of electricity and money gets wasted because of the lack of timely repairs and the use of damaged and faulty systems.

This gives rise to the need of having a more robust outdoor system that is -driven. Such a system should have smart and intelligent elements that interact with each other on a real-time basis. This would, in turn, enable the smooth & real-time checking of the outdoor lights, thus minimizing the use of damaged outdoor lights.

Even with solar street lights, if one of the street poles has an issue, the efficiency reduces. Sometimes, faulty outdoor lights remain unchecked for a long time leaving the street in darkness and danger.

However, with a smart street system, we can bring more to the to benefit everyone. The smart street light system interacts at different levels for excellent performance:

  1. These smart street systems offer solid data to the city managers regarding functionality, pollution, etc.
  2. These offer weather condition detection, dynamic lighting, adaptive lighting.
  3. Smart street lights use various kinds of sensors to detect movement, sound, seismic activity (detect earthquake), monitor traffic, and many other things.
  4. The city-wide infrastructure works as a single intelligent unit with real-time interaction.

 

Functionality

 

Smart LED and solar light system
Smart Street

Image Source: Coolfire Solutions

 

Now that we have understood why we need smart lights, we must also know how they work. The working of smart lights becomes important to understand as it is quite different from regular outdoor lights.

When we talk about the interaction among the elements, we must know what comprises these elements.

The outdoor system has three main elements:

  1. Pole
  2. Power cabinet

 

Lamp

The further contains three parts:

  1. Luminaire
  2. bulb
  3. driver

It is the that majorly determines the electricity consumption of the entire outdoor system. Thus, street lamps must be chosen over traditional HID lamps.

If you want to go a level up, you can install smart that has dimmers and sensors for maximum energy efficiency.

These lights offer a specific value of luminance, uniformity, and glare. The microcontrollers handle the functions of the street lamps with their exclusive digital approach.

Therefore, the lamp’s well-being is managed effectively. The -based interaction becomes two-way in smart outdoor lights. You can send and receive commands & information from and to the street lamp.  The central service center monitors all details such as the weather conditions, number of people and traffic in the area, condition of the road, etc. in real-time.

The smart sensors make it possible for the lamps to receive quick repair in case of any damage.

 

Street pole

The outdoor poles remain a mandatory part of the entire system. An intelligent pole has smart sensors that connect the LED to the main control station for monitoring and fault diagnosis.

The poles record data such as temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind speed, noise levels, etc. These street poles have display screens to display weather data.

Sensors and devices can be mounted on outdoor poles for smoother and more effective communication between the control station and the outdoor lights.

 

Power cabinet

Managing a large number of outdoor lights seemed a major challenge. This issue was eliminated by clustering them into smaller groups with the help of a control panel. Later on, automated switches were added to these panels to reduce human intervention to the bare minimum.

These control panels or power cabinets get triggered by alarms in traditional lights and by photocells in solar street lights.

However, modern power cabinets have become smarter as they work in a two-dimensional way.

Firstly, they control a specific number of lights.

Secondly, they also manage individual outdoor devices by linking them to smart sensors. The need for smart lights arose because we need more efficient, less polluting, and more effective outdoor lights.

The power cabinets of smart lights offer segment-level control of more than 200 streetlights communicating as a single unit.

Additionally, they also offer individual control that can detect real-time malfunction reporting, humidity, noise, measurements, etc. So, you can check and fix any issue even before it can cause any severe damage.

 

smart solar and led light systems
Working of smart lights.

Image Source: fossguru

 

Conclusion

The outdoor remains an inseparable part of the city. It is needed for the safety, security, feasibility, and beautification of the streets and roads. People feel much safer traveling at night. This not only makes it advantageous for the people living in the city but also enhances tourism and city ranking globally.

The different types of outdoor lights such as HPS lights, induction lights, and CFLs have been in use for quite a while. However, they come with their set of limitations such as warm-up time, emission of poisonous gases, high energy consumption, etc.

These drawbacks are done away with the introduction of solar street lights that consume solar energy and make energy-efficient solutions. The lights last longer than their alternatives and turn on immediately.

However, there’s more to outdoor lights than just the fixture. You need to calculate the distance, spacing, height, and other dimensions of the outdoor project carefully. If the installation is done abruptly, it will result in dark areas and overly bright areas.

Furthermore, in the future of outdoor lights, the smart outdoor system makes it possible to interact with the lights in real-time and fix an issue even before it actually surfaces.

All these details will definitely assist you in planning your outdoor project efficiently.

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