Architecture refers to the art and science of creating buildings, open spaces, communities, and other man-made structures and surroundings, with an emphasis on aesthetics. Designing or selecting furniture and decorations, supervising construction work, and examining, restoring, or remodelling existing structures are all examples of architecture. Architecture is of various styles, such as landscape, art deco, gothic, modern, etc.
Architecture is a passion, a vocation, a calling — as well as a science and a business; a social art and also an artful science. Architecture must be of the highest quality of design. Architecture provides, in the words of Marcus Vitruvius, the great Roman architect and historian, “firmness, commodity, and delight.” Firmness refers to the building’s structural integrity and durability; commodity refers to spatial functionality, or “serving its purpose” and fulfilling the function for which it was built; delight refers to the building’s aesthetic and visual appeal, as well as its ability to lift the spirits and stimulate the senses.
Typically, it includes the design of the complete built environment, from the macro level of town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture to the micro level of construction details and, occasionally, furnishings. The profession of providing architectural services is frequently referred to as “architecture.”
Architectural design is primarily driven by the holistically creative manipulation of mass, space, volume, texture, light, shadow, materials, programme, and realistic elements like cost, construction, and technology to reach an aesthetic, practical, and frequently artistic objective. This sets it apart from engineering design (typically driven by the creative application of mathematical and scientific principles).
Approach to architecture
In architecture, there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution; each building project should be tailored to its own circumstances, including site, climate, social, financial, and material constraints.
Creating excellent architecture necessitates a careful balance of creative sensibility and scientific approach when developing structures and their surroundings.
Architecture is the design of structures, groups of buildings, and frequently the space between them, at its most basic level. However, architecture encompasses much more than just the creation of blueprints.
Architectural styles since the beginning
- Gothic Architecture
- Art Nouveau
- Art Deco
- Modern as well as Post Modern
Architectural styles have changed at an extraordinary rate in the modern era. So, architects intentionally choose them for their work. Some architects work with hallmark styles, while others may use components from a variety of styles in their buildings. The architectural style affects both – the residents of a structure and the people who observe it from the outside. The style of a structure can also help it fit in or stand out from its surroundings, such as other nearby buildings and the natural environment.
Image Source: DesignCurial
Modern architecture, often known as modernist architecture, was an architectural movement or style characterized by the use of new and inventive building technologies, mainly glass, steel, and reinforced concrete. It holds the belief that form should follow function (functionalism) and embrace minimalism.
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