The full form of MDF is Medium Density Fibreboard. The name of the MDF board comes from the difference in the densities of fibreboard. Among the numerous applications of the material, the most popular one these days is MDF jali design. In addition, MDF board price depends on multiple factors like grade, finishing- laminated or veneered, thickness, etc.
- 1 Composition and Processing of MDF Boards
- 2 Advantages of MDF Board
- 3 Disadvantages of MDF Board
- 4 Safety Precautions
- 5 Types of MDF Board
- 6 Grades of MDF Boards
- 7 Applications of MDF Boards
- 8 MDF Designs
- 8.1 MDF jali designs for ceiling
- 8.2 MDF board White Cornices
- 8.3 Checkered MDF board flooring
- 8.4 MDF jali door design
- 8.5 High-gloss kitchen cabinets
- 8.6 Paintable MDF bath
- 8.7 Textured MDF panels for wall
- 8.8 MDF board for bathroom furniture
- 8.9 3D MDF wall paneling
- 8.10 Statement MDF wall panel
- 8.11 MDF board TV table
- 8.12 Painted MDF board cabinet
- 8.13 MDF board black cornices
- 8.14 Mdf jali design for mandir
- 8.15 MDF jali designs for mandir
- 8.16 MDF wood panel top
- 8.17 MDF wooden floor
- 8.18 Simple MDF paneling for walls
- 8.19 MDF sheet partition
- 8.20 Movable MDF panels for partitions
- 9 MDF Board Brands
- 10 Price and sizes of MDF boards
- 11 Conclusion
Composition and Processing of MDF Boards
It is made by breaking down and crushing hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, and then combining it with wax and resin binder.
The density of MDF is typically between 500 kg/m3 (31 lb/ft3) and 1,000 kg/m3 (62 lb/ft3). It is denser than other woods because of the presence of heavy resins.
After the formation of the MDF board, professionals sand it down to smooth irregularities and give it a soft finish. Oil, varnishes, and paints may then be coated over the board. Moreover, the finishing of MDF boards sometimes requires laminates and veneers.
This forms almost the same board but with a higher density. The quality and finish of this board are also superior.
Advantages of MDF Board
There are several advantages provided by an MDF Board:-
- More flexible than other types of wood
- Used for curved surfaces because of its ability to be shaped easily
- Stable dimensions that will not expand or contract unlike natural wood
- A less expensive option than natural wood
- Consistent in strength and properties along the whole surface
- Dense, flat, and stiff
- Has no knots
- Does not exhibit an easily recognizable surface grain due to the presence of fine particles in it
- Painted MDF produces a smooth surface
- Because MDF has no grain it can be cut, drilled, machined and filed without damaging the surface
- MDF can be glued with PVA wood glue
- High pull-out strength on the surface
Disadvantages of MDF Board
As much as there are pros to using the MDF Board, there are cons to it too and it’s better to be aware in order to make an informed decision:-
- Low-grade MDF may swell and break when saturated with water
- Flexibility may cause it to warp or expand in humid environments, if not sealed
- May release formaldehyde, which is a known human carcinogen and may cause allergy, eye, and lung irritation when cutting and sanding
- MDF cutting tools dull easier
- Screwing into the edge of a board
MDF can be dangerous to use if the correct safety precautions are not taken.
Hence, here are some important points to remember while working with MDF:-
- MDF contains a substance called urea-formaldehyde and releases it when cutting MDF and sanding it.
- Proper ventilation is required when using it and facemasks are needed when sanding or cutting MDF with machinery.
- The dust produced when machining MDF is very dangerous. Therefore, wear masks and goggles at all times.
- The edges of MDF cutters will blunt very quickly because of the glue in MDF. Tungsten carbide-edged MDF cutter will prevent dulling.
- Screws and nails can be used on MDF. However, there is the possibility of split edges. The screws should be at a maximum distance of 25mm from the edge.
- The surface of MDF releases urea-formaldehyde.
- When painting MDF, it is a good idea to coat the entire MDF sheet, panel, or board to contain the urea-formaldehyde.
- Wax and oil finishes are great finishing options but they don’t contain urea-formaldehyde effectively.
- Phenol-formaldehyde is a good alternative because it does not release urea-formaldehyde.
On the basis of features:
- The moisture-resistant MDF boards are suitable for wet areas such as bathrooms. It is marked by green stamps on the board edges.
- The fire retardant MDF boards are used in kitchens. It is marked as a red or blue stamp on product edges.
- Ultra-light MDF board weighs approximately 30 percent less than standard MDF board. They are used where weight is a factor of consideration, for example, in furniture.
That is why today builders substitute solid wood with veneered MDF.
Depending on your requirement, the board can be laminated on one side or both sides.
MDF board is available in two grades.
Most MDF can be broken down into:-
- Interior Grade- It refers to the MDF board suitable for use in interior applications
- Exterior Grade- It refers to the board suitable for exterior applications. It is packed with features like moisture and heat resistance to combat weather.
It is available in raw form, or with a finely sanded surface, or with a decorative overlay.
- It may be used to make wall-panels
- For flooring purposes
- MDF has a strong surface and, hence, is usable for furniture such as cabinets and storage units
- In modular kitchens
- MDF jali designs are a valuable add-on for decorative ceilings and doors
With a wide range of application areas comes a myriad variety of MDF designs:-
MDF jali designs for ceiling
Image Source: kathuriya.com
MDF board White Cornices
Image Source: Silver Springs Woodworks
Image Source: FrenchyFancy
A plain white cornice outlines any area with a pleasing simplicity.
Checkered MDF board flooring
Image Source: Armstrong Flooring
Black works magically with this predominantly neutral-toned room.
Image Source: Civil Engineering Discoveries
High-gloss kitchen cabinets
Image Source: Deco Group
Paintable MDF bath
Image Source: bathpanelstore
Textured MDF panels for wall
Image Source: Walmart
MDF can be shaped to resemble a horizontal or vertical striped pattern.
A vertical pattern gives the illusion of length to a room while the MDF texture adds to the style quotient.
Image Source: badkamer-voordeel
They make for sturdy and stylish bathroom accessories.
3D MDF wall paneling
Image Source: Design Chronicle
This MDF wall paneling is exquisite. It makes your wall seem three-dimensional and gives it an artistic look.
Image Source: Wattpad
Image Source: SKLUM
The drawers provide additional space for one to store their Blu-Ray stack!
Image Source: This Old House
This kind of cabinet is perfect for the kitchen workspace. It is stylish in a subtle way due to the presence of two complementary colors.
MDF board black cornices
Image Source: Shutterfly
If you thought that only neutral shades would work on cornices, you are in for a surprise!
Image Source: Venetian design
MDF jali designs for mandir
Image Source: Decor Units
This slidable MDF sheet is a great option to lower the cost. You don’t need to invest in multiple sheets- just the one would do.
Image Source: Article
Image Source: About Flooring
Simple MDF paneling for walls
Image Source: Pinterest
Image Source: Civil Engineering Discoveries
Movable MDF panels for partitions
Image Source: ArchiExpo
Thus, the core is densified which is required for high-quality routing.
Century Prowud MDF is borer, termite, fungus, and high moisture resistant. Additionally, it is made with a higher density, and to a higher standard.
The brand offers the following two ranges in MDF boards:-
Vir MDF, from the house of Rushil Décor, is a new-age product, a great alternative to solid wood and plywood. Also, it is a favorite of OEMs, SCPs, and conventional wood furniture manufacturers across India.
Vir products are as follow:-
Products from this brand are:-
They provide the following products:-
Price and sizes of MDF boards
Good quality MDF Board price ranges from Rs 40 per square feet to Rs 120 per square feet. Also, the laminated MDF board price is higher than the plain MDF board price. The MDF Board price highly depends on the thickness and grade of the material.
Other variants of size are available as per specifications. Thus, the MDF Board price also slightly varies.
|1.||VIR MDF||Interior and Exterior||8 ft x 4 ft||7.5mm, 7.8 mm, 8 mm, 9 mm, 11mm, 12mm, 15mm, 16.7 mm, 17mm, 18mm, 22mm, 25mm, 30 mm|
|2.||Archiply MDF||Interior and Exterior||8 ft x 4 ft, 8 ft x 6 ft||5.5 mm, 8 mm, 9 mm, 11 mm, 12 mm, 16.7 mm, 17 mm, 18 mm, 25 mm|
|3.||Action TESA MDF||Interior and Exterior||8 ft x 4 ft||5.5 mm, 7.5 mm, 8 mm, 11 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm, 16 mm, 17 mm, 18 mm, 25 mm|
|4.||Pioneer Panel MDF||Interior and Exterior||8 ft x 4 ft||7.5 mm, 8 mm, 11 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm,17 mm, 18 mm, 25 mm|
|5.||CROSSBOND MDF||Interior and Exterior||8 ft x 4 ft||7.5 mm, 9 mm, 11 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm,16 mm, 17 mm, 18 mm, 25 mm|
Besides being a strong and sturdy material, an MDF board also offers great flexibility in design.
While there are many reasons for using MDF, there are also drawbacks. Major drawbacks include the release of formaldehyde as well as expanding and warping issues. However, it reamins easy to overcome all of these drawbacks by taking precautionary measures.
Safety measures can minimize these problems to a significant extent.
Wall paneling, flooring, doors, cabinets, and other storage units mainly use the MDF boards.