Top 11 flooring types: All you need to know for a perfect solution

Flooring types, applications, and brands

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Flooring types and trends are extremely dynamic yet static. Often, leave it for the end. But, it should be taken into account right from the inception of ideas and drawings. So, some popular flooring trends are epoxy, vinyl, granite, marble, wood, linoleum, laminate, and more.

Floors are an extremely important element in any building. Also, it influences numerous factors, both directly and indirectly.

Choosing beautiful types is good but what if it inhibits the functionality of your space?

You must realize that aesthetics must never come in the way of practicality. So, you must know the aesthetical, practical, and functional value of your choices.

 

 

Types of flooring materials

There is a wide range of options when it comes to this particular category.

Do you wonder which flooring types are best?

So, the key to selecting the best option is matching your aesthetical and performance expectations with the right material.

 

Type #1 Wooden flooring

Wooden surface with neutral shade furniture and lamp
The wooden gives your space a royal look.

 

This is an unbeatable type. Also, there is an array of choices available with natural hardwood. Also, species such as oak, birch, maple, teak, etc. make exceptional end products.

 

Advantages

  • Durable
  • Renewable
  • Diverse styles and material choices are available.
  • Economical in the long run. (Can last a lifetime if maintained properly)
  • Also, no on-site finishing is needed with pre-finished wood.
  • Wood provides more warmth than concrete, tiles, and stones.

 

Disadvantages

  • Can wear from grit & dirt.
  • Moisture and liquids can cause damage.
  • Also, squeaks and creaks can develop over time.
  • Gapping and cupping can happen if not installed properly.
  • Expensive installation and material.

 

Brands

Some popular brands for this type in India are-

 

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Type #2 Laminate flooring

 

Laminated surface in wooden texture
This type of laminate flooring makes the look spacious and neat.

 

Laminates copy the look of hardwood, tiles, and stones. They are covered with a wear-proof layer. Also, laminate flooring remains one of the easiest to install types. It also gives a beautiful look to the room.

 

Advantages

  • Can withstand heavy traffic
  • Durable
  • Cheaper than hardwood
  • Also, laminates can be applied over pre-existing floors
  • Comes in many patterns
  • Portable “glueless” laminates
  • Quick installation

 

Disadvantages

  • Need full-replacement if wears out
  • Liquids can collect between the edges and plank spaces
  • Also, the floating- feature makes a hollow sound if an acoustical underlayment is not used

 

Brands

Some popular laminate flooring brands in India are-

 

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Type #3 Vinyl flooring

 

self-adhesive sheets
Vinyl flooring is a durable solution.

 

Luxury Vinyl are a popular choice among homeowners today. Also, its versatility, low maintenance, and wide colour options make it a go-to option.

 

Advantages

  • Economical
  • Easy to maintain
  • Resilient
  • Many colours, textures, and patterns are available
  • Amazing sound absorption quality
  • Seamless

 

Disadvantages

  • Luxury Vinyl are not very eco-friendly
  • Susceptible to tears and cuts
  • Non-renewable
  • Also, heat can burn or scorch the material
  • Can get permanent dents

 

Brands

Some popular vinyl flooring brands in India are-

 

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Type #4 Tiles

 

white marble tiles for white furniture
The make the space look neat and big.

 

are one of the most versatile -types that can give a more personalized look to your space.

Also, there are numerous flooring options when it comes to tiles, such as porcelain tiles, glass tiles, vitrified tiles, luxury vinyl tiles, ceramic tiles, marble tiles, granite tiles, and many more.

Also, all types of have different pros and cons.

So, it is not possible to weigh them collectively. But, we have mentioned some common benefits and drawbacks of the below.

 

Advantages

  • An endless range of textures, colours, and styles in brands such as Somani tiles, Kajaria, Johnson tiles, etc.
  • Durable
  • Flexible
  • Low-maintenance terrazzo tiles, etc.
  • Stain-resistant
  • Repairable and replaceable
  • Cost-effective
  • Also, it does not dent.

 

Disadvantages

  • Grout lines trap dirt
  • The surface becomes very cold if not used with underfloor radiant heat
  • Glossy are slippery
  • Smooth are not easy to stand on for a longer period of time

 

Brands

Some popular brands in India are-

Watch this video to understand how to lay large format RAK tiles.

 

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Type #5 Linoleum flooring

 

linoleum flooring types in wooden texture
Get linoleum for eco-friendly ground solutions.

 

Linoleum is an eco-friendly solution made up of linseed oil, wood or cork flour, mineral fillers, and pigments mixed and applied to a jute or canvas backing.

It comes in many colours and styles. Also, the protective coating on the linoleum makes it suitable for outdoor applications as well.

 

Advantages

  • Durable
  • Renewable
  • Does not emit harmful VOCs- (Volatile Organic Compounds)
  • The pigments hide minor scratches and dings
  • Low-maintenance

 

Disadvantages

  • Can get dented
  • Also, uncoated linoleum turns yellowish and dark when exposed to sunlight
  • Susceptible to moisture
  • Newly waxed linoleum surface is slippery

 

Brands

Some brands for this type in India are-

 

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Type #6

 

Carpet floors in neutral shade with dark abstract patterns and coffee colour furniture
Decorate your space with carpets and it breakage-safe and child-safe.

 

The warmth and softness that come with carpets are not possible with any other surfacing choices. Also, carpets come in different materials, designs, colours, and styles.

 

Advantages

  • Comfortable
  • Wide variety of patterns, fibers, textures, and colours
  • Good sound and heat insulators
  • Also, it prevents injuries (child-friendly solutions)
  • Hides the subfloor’s irregularities

 

Disadvantages

  • Stains easily
  • Hard to clean
  • Collects dust and dirt
  • Harbours allergens
  • Emits VOCs. Thus, hamper the indoor air quality
  • Give rise to mold growth
  • Water and moisture damage possible

 

Brands

Some popular brands in India are-

 

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Type #7 Concrete flooring

 

Concrete floor types for kitchen with black table and chairs
Concrete give your space a natural smooth look

 

Concrete is a highly decorative and durable surface solution. It is timeless. Also, the material is naturally cool. So, they are suitable for hot climates.

 

Advantages

  • Low-maintenance
  • Available in many colours, textures, and patterns
  • Also, concrete slabs used during the construction can be used here to avoid wastage
  • Does not emit VOCs
  • No allergens, dust, and mold
  • Compatible with radiant heating systems

 

Disadvantages

  • Uncomfortable to stand on the hard surface for a long time
  • Also, it requires regular re-sealing to protect from wear
  • Susceptible to cracks
  • Can wear from grit and dirt if not sealed

 

Brands

Some popular brands for this type in India are-

 

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Type #8 Stone flooring

 

stone flooring for outdoor area with stone cladding and rustic furniture
The natural stone give a rustic look to the space.

 

Stone cut into tile sizes make up the stone flooring. Also, the authentic beauty and durability offered by natural stone are unmatched.

 

Advantages

  • Durable
  • Compatible with radiant heating systems
  • Offer cooling in hot climates
  • Good for outdoor applications

 

Disadvantages

  • Smooth stones are slippery
  • Not suitable for colder regions without heating systems

 

Brands

Some popular brands in India are-

 

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Type #9 Epoxy flooring

 

glossy Epoxy flooring for kitchen and hall
The glossy surface of make them an ideal solution.

 

is an excellent moisture-resistant solution. Also, concrete slabs when transformed into a smooth, finished, water and oil-resistant surface makes flooring.

 

Advantages

  • Durability
  • Bright appearance
  • Economic installation
  • Protects the from stains, cracks, and grease
  • Oil, bleach, water, and spot resistant

 

Disadvantages

  • Prone to chipping
  • Slippery
  • Also, wet emits strong ammonia fumes
  • Needs additional painting cost

 

Brands

Some popular brands in India are-

 

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Type #10 Granite flooring

 

granite surface for staircase
Glossy black

 

is the use of granite made by processing volcanic rocks until they have a smooth surface. Also, the excellent durability of makes it an ideal material.

 

Advantages

  • Long-lasting durability
  • Excellent for wet areas
  • Granite is a good hypoallergenic flooring material
  • comes in many style options

 

Disadvantages

  • Relatively heavier than other flooring types
  • Difficult to install
  • Needs a lot of maintenance

 

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Type #11 Sustainable flooring types

 

textured bamboo floor for sustainable bedroom
Bamboo is an ideal sustainable solution

 

The changing trends demand a safer and more environment. So, sustainability is the best way to keep with these demands.

Renewable, biodegradable, eco-friendly, and non-toxic alternatives are considered sustainable. So green carpets, wood, bamboo, linoleum, and rubber floorings are some examples.

Canadian Wood aces sustainable foresting and wood supply. It is one of the leading names when it comes to eco-friendly hardwood supply globally.

Now, it would not be right to mark a trend as ‘poor’ or ‘bad’ without understanding its right application. But, there are plenty of types to pick from. They come in many styles, patterns, shades, and brands.

For instance, you would have heard many praises of XYZ trends and you decided to get it for your space.

Later, it hampered the space’s functionality and you called it out.

But did you actually go through the details and specifications of XYZ before applying it?

Did you understand its correct application areas before using it for your space?

These are some of the many questions that must be addressed before choosing the right trends for your space.

 

Flooring Price (based on types)

 

Sr. No. Types Price
1. Rs. 25-Rs. 125/ sq. ft.
2. Wooden Rs. 48-Rs. 730/ sq. ft.
3. Laminate Rs. 50-Rs. 550/ sq. ft.
4. Granite Rs. 80-Rs. 450/ sq. ft.
5. Rs. 35-Rs. 110/ sq. ft.
6. Carpet Rs. 18-Rs. 120/ sq. ft.

 

Things to consider before choosing the right types

 

Focus on the following points before choosing a trend for your space:

 

Kind of space

Different spaces have different needs. Commercial space needs more durability and fewer aesthetics. So, floorings such as terrazzo tiles, luxury vinyl tiles, flooring, and industrial-strength carpet are ideal for such purposes.

Also, cement-based, ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles, mosaic, wood, and marble and are ideal for residential buildings.

Official and commercial buildings should have designs with symmetrical and geometrical patterns. On the other hand, residential spaces can go for informal curves, prints, and asymmetrical patterns.

 

Moisture and weather challenges

If your space is moisture-prone, such as the and bathrooms, you need moisture-resistant, waterproof surfaces.

So, do not pick wooden flooring for such areas. Also, flooring, porcelain tiles, stone, and vinyl are ideal waterproof options.

Outdoor spaces that are exposed to extreme weather conditions such as sunlight, dust, water, and wind need strong options. Also, outdoor carpets, tiles, plastic deck, rubber, cement, foam tiles, concrete flooring are some ideal outdoor options.

 

Traffic

Not all trends go well with heavy traffic. But commercial spaces need heavy-duty materials such as terrazzo tiles, luxury vinyl tiles, granite, and which can endure a lot of traffic.

So, you can go for slightly delicate alternatives for residential purposes or for offices with lesser traffic.

 

Pet-friendly varieties

Choose the right for your furry friends. So, as an designer, your job does not end at understanding the needs of the building.

Also, you must consider the needs and expectations of the occupants as well. So, for places that have pets, your choice should be scratch-resistant, damage-resistant, and pet-friendly.

Stone tiles, vinyl tiles, bamboo, and cork flooring are ideal options.

 

People with respiratory issues

If the building’s occupants have respiratory issues such as asthma, you need to be very careful while choosing the right flooring types.

Hardwood flooring types and luxury vinyl are good for such spaces. Also, do not use carpets as they trap dust and increase indoor pollution.

Laminate and bamboo floors are also suitable for people with allergies. So, the focus while choosing the types should be on easy cleaning and less dust accumulation.

 

How do flooring types affect the interiors of your space?

 

marble floor of living room with same shades of furniture and walls for a minimalist look
influence the overall aesthetics and mood of the space.

 

decoration is an umbrella term for numerous aspects of décor. So, from lighting and to flooring and ceiling, everything constitutes designing.

Also, everything is connected to each other. Although each one of them has its own identity, it greatly influences the other. All the units come together to make a perfect décor look.

As a result, flooring also determines the overall look of the space. Likewise, other decoration trends leave an impact on the flooring.

Let us find out how it influences the look and feel of the space.

  1. Warm and dark colours make the feel more intimate than and cool colours.
  2. It is a misconception that dark colours make the look small. But, if the already has dark walls and insufficient from windows and doors, only then does the statement stand true.
  3. On the other hand, colours only make the look big if the has enough and bright walls.
  4. That said, do not go for extremely shades as well. Especially, if you choose wood surfaces, pick the colour in accordance with the amount of sunlight entering the room. If the is too lit up, do not go for extremely shades like maple. On the contrary, choose honey-coloured wood surfaces.
  5. Moreover, look for colours that complement rather than compete with the natural or artificial entering the room.
  6. Also, use complicated and fuller patterns for larger rooms and simple and minimal patterns for small areas.
Click here to read how colour affects our interiors.

 

Conclusion

Trends keep on changing. But, one thing that remains constant is the need for sustainable, durable, and aesthetical value.

Additionally, you must understand the purpose, functionality, and application area before making a decision.

Do not indulge only in one aspect while selecting the flooring types. Also, go through the top brands in India for the most economical and innovative range.

Match your choice with the interiors of your space and see that everything is complementary to each other. Finally, make the right choice and give a delightful experience to the occupants.

 

If you want to buy top-quality surfaces from the best brands, click on the link given below to check your options and submit your inquiries:

Flooring Products

For more details, contact below:

Email: mukul.jain@buildingandinteriors.com

Mobile: +91 99676 32127

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